About Gum Disease
Gum disease affects 99% of the population, it is the most common disease in the world. It ranges from gingivitis to destructive gum disease which can result in the loss of teeth. It is also known to increase the risk of heart disease, diabetes, Alzheimer’s Disease and low birth weight babies. It is a difficult disease to treat and generally we can only treat the symptoms, but cannot yet get rid of the disease.
What causes it?
There is bacteria present in everyone’s mouth but for 10% of the population this bacteria will cause destructive gum disease that creates pockets around the teeth. These pockets are as a result of loss of bone around the tooth. The tooth can become wobbly and it can lead to loss of teeth. Generally the condition is painless until it has progressed quite far which is why it is important to have regular healthy mouth reviews and hygiene therapy appointments so that any sign of the disease can be picked up and treated. Other symptoms include bleeding, red or tender gums or wobbly teeth. Occasionally an abscess can occur which is painful and could require antibiotics.