It is also known to increase the risk of heart disease, diabetes, Alzheimer’s Disease and low birth weight babies. It is a difficult disease to treat and generally we can only treat the symptoms, but cannot yet get rid of the disease.
There is bacteria present in everyone’s mouth but for around 10% of the population this bacteria will cause destructive gum disease that creates pockets around the teeth. These pockets are as a result of loss of bone around the tooth. The tooth can become wobbly and it can lead to loss of teeth. Generally, the condition is painless until it has progressed quite far which is why it is important to have regular healthy mouth reviews and hygiene appointments so that any sign of the disease can be picked up and treated.
Other symptoms include bleeding, red or tender gums or wobbly teeth. Occasionally an abscess can occur which is painful and could require antibiotics, although this requires careful assessment and is not suitable in every case.
For most people regular dental hygiene appointments will ensure that your gums stay healthy. These are generally every 6 months but some people benefit from an appointment more frequently (every 3 months). Unfortunately, sometimes this isn’t enough and further treatment is needed. If we feel that it is appropriate, we will refer you to a specialist for a second opinion or more complex care.
Another treatment for gum disease is laser treatment, we are delighted to be able to offer this at Evolve Dentistry. The system that we use is called Perio Green. It uses photodynamic therapy to get rid of the bacteria in the pockets around the teeth. The laser also removes the diseased tissue within the pockets, which allows the gum to tighten around the tooth and so reducing the bacteria. It is important to have a course of hygienist appointments prior to laser gum treatment as the use of the laser is only effective once all the plaque and tartar have been removed. You will be advised on the best way to proceed and if laser gum treatment is right for you.
We are designed to eat with all our teeth, if you lose a tooth this can put more pressure on the remaining teeth. The other teeth may move which can lead to other problems, or the missing tooth may be visible when you smile and you would want to replace it to ensure that your smile is still nice. Missing teeth are generally replaced with either a denture, a bridge or an implant. Whilst all of these have their benefits when used in the appropriate situation, they are not without their own problems and are not always suitable for someone who has gum disease. It is almost always better to keep your own teeth than to replace them with artificial teeth. Generally, people are happier when they can smile with confidence.
Perio Green uses a photosensitive chemical called Indocyanine Green which when introduced to the periodontal pocket attaches to the bacteria membrane. Once the laser is inserted into the pocket and is activated it causes the bacteria to be destroyed. The laser is then used to remove the infected tissue.
No, the laser is not cutting the tissue, it is working at very low frequencies at this level of therapy. If there is any discomfort or sensitivity, then a local anaesthetic gel or injection can be used.
This treatment is usually carried out by our dental hygienists who have been fully trained in the treatment.
No, it won’t, however we believe that this is an excellent adjunct to established treatment that could really improve the prognosis of your teeth. You would still need on-going hygiene therapy appointments and maintain excellent oral hygiene.
You would need to have a full assessment of your gums, then we can work out how many teeth need to be treated. Included in the price would be 2-4 pre-treatment hygiene therapy appointments as it is important that your mouth is as clean as possible, the laser treatment would be over one or two appointments, then a review after 6 weeks.
If it is felt that further laser treatment would be beneficial within 3 months of the initial treatment, then this is also included in the fee.
This depends on how many teeth need to be treated, it is important to treat all the teeth that are infected or the untreated teeth will affect the success of the treatment.
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