Evolve Dentistry | Dentist in Portishead, Somerset

24 Harbour Road Portishead BS20 7AL

24 Harbour Road Portishead BS20 7AL

Fluoride and hydroxyapatite in Dentistry

Fluoride and hydroxyapatite in Dentistry

Fluoride and hydroxyapatite are essential components in modern dentistry, renowned for their abilities to enhance oral health by fortifying tooth enamel and aiding in remineralization.

While fluoride has been the cornerstone of dental care for decades, credited with reducing cavities and dental sensitivity, hydroxyapatite is gaining attention for its natural composition and biocompatibility, closely mimicking the mineral structure of human teeth.

This article delves into the distinct advantages of both fluoride and hydroxyapatite, examining their roles in preventing tooth decay, reducing sensitivity, and their availability in dental products. By comparing these two vital substances, we aim to provide a comprehensive understanding of their contributions to maintaining and improving dental health.

Fluoride and hydroxyapatite are both widely used in dentistry for their remineralizing properties and ability to strengthen tooth enamel. Let’s compare their benefits:


  1. Strengthens tooth enamel: Fluoride helps to remineralize and strengthen tooth enamel, making teeth more resistant to acid attacks from plaque bacteria and acidic foods and drinks.

  2. Prevents tooth decay: Fluoride inhibits the demineralization process by promoting remineralization, which helps prevent the formation of cavities and tooth decay.

  3. Reduces sensitivity: Fluoride can help reduce tooth sensitivity by strengthening enamel and blocking pathways for sensitivity triggers to reach the nerves inside the tooth.

  4. Widely Available: Fluoride is readily available in various forms, including fluoridated toothpaste, mouthwash, professional fluoride treatments, and fluoridated water supplies in many communities.

Toothpastes that contain fluoride:

Colgate, Oral B, Sensodyne, Aquafresh ( this is not an exhaustive list)


  1. Natural component of tooth structure: Hydroxyapatite is a mineral form of calcium apatite, which is a major component of tooth enamel. Its similarity to natural tooth mineral makes it biocompatible and potentially effective for remineralizing enamel.

  2. Remineralizes tooth enamel: Hydroxyapatite has been shown to remineralize enamel lesions by depositing minerals back into the tooth structure, helping to repair early stages of tooth decay and strengthen enamel.

  3. Non-toxic and biocompatible: Hydroxyapatite is considered non-toxic and biocompatible, making it suitable for use in dental products such as toothpaste, mouthwash, and dental coatings.

  4. Reduces tooth sensitivity: Hydroxyapatite can help reduce tooth sensitivity by occluding dentinal tubules, which are microscopic channels in the dentin layer of the tooth that transmit pain signals to the nerves.

Toothpastes that contain hydroxyapatite without fluoride:

RiseWell Mineral toothpaste, MooGoo, Gutology, Happy Tooth ( this is not an exhaustive list)

Toothpastes that contain hydroxyapatite with fluoride:

Sensodyne Pronamel Intensive Enamel Repair toothpaste


Both fluoride and hydroxyapatite offer significant benefits for dental health, including strengthening tooth enamel, preventing decay, and reducing sensitivity. While fluoride is widely used and supported by extensive research, hydroxyapatite shows promise as a natural alternative with biocompatible properties. Further studies are needed to fully understand the long-term effectiveness and potential of hydroxyapatite in dental care.

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24 Harbour Road Portishead BS20 7AL


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